How to Start a Neighborhood Watch Program

Kimberly Bean
Kimberly Bean
Published on February 19, 2018

Even the safest communities have crime. If this concerns you, think about starting a Neighborhood Watch Program in your Southern Maryland neighborhood.

What is neighborhood watch?

A neighborhood watch program is a group of people who live in the same neighborhood and share the same goal: Make the neighborhood safe by helping local police to reduce crime. The groups meet regularly to decide on goals, and members are assigned responsibilities. The Department of Justice refers to Neighborhood Watch groups as “homeland security on a local level.”

A little history

The National Neighborhood Watch program is a product of the National Sheriffs’ Association (NSA) and dates back to 1972. The NSA says that the program not only allows “citizens to help in the fight against crime, it is also an opportunity for communities to bond through service” by lending their neighbors a hand in the fight against neighborhood crime.

In 2002, the NSA and USAFreedom Corps, Citizen Corps, and the Justice Department came together to launch USAonWatch. Calling it a “revitalized” neighborhood watch program, it expands the role of these groups by empowering “citizens to become active in homeland security efforts through participation in Neighborhood Watch groups.”

Success stories

When they are implemented correctly, neighborhood watch programs can be quite successful. The devil, however, is in the details when it comes to implementation.

A 2008 report by the U.S. Department of Justice (which is a huge backer of the program, by the way) finds that only 5 percent of the watch programs actually reduce crime in a neighborhood.

But, there is anecdotal evidence of the program’s success from across the country. In 2010, for example, a town in Georgia was experiencing a series of car break-ins. The neighborhood watch programs put out an alert for residents to keep their eyes open for suspicious activity and, within days, the perpetrator was arrested.

In 2012, Las Vegas Metro representatives issued a statement claiming that residential burglaries, auto burglaries, and auto thefts had declined by 30 percent. They gave the credit for that to the valley’s 625 neighborhood watch programs.

How to do it right

If your goal is to start a neighborhood watch program in your neighborhood and hope for it to be successful, you need to do it right from the beginning. You can expect it to be slow-going at the start, but it will pick up steam as more neighbors decided to participate. It’s not a hands-off endeavor, but if it works, it is immensely worthwhile.

The steps to take to form a Neighborhood Watch Group

Talk to and recruit your neighbors — Tell them about your plans and how it will benefit them.

Contact the local police department — Schedule a meeting of interested neighbors and invite a police department representative to attend. NSA claims that this is one of the most important steps because “Neighborhood Watch is a cooperative effort” between citizens and law enforcement.

If you can’t get someone from the police department to attend the first meeting, discuss concerns in the neighborhood and the creation of an agenda on how you’ll meet these concerns.

The NSA has resources on its website to help. You’ll find them at

Determine how you’ll communicate with one another — Find a communication method that works for the group, whether that is through regular meetings, on social media, via text messaging, email, or a combination.

Call your local police department if you’d like more information on how you can work with them. They’re happy to send you a Neighborhood Watch start-up packet and provide whatever other assistance you need to start your program.

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