Important Southern Maryland Rental Property Tax Considerations

Kimberly Bean
Kimberly Bean
Published on March 25, 2016

When you own Southern Maryland rental property, you’re faced with tax considerations that are more complicated than your primary residence. You’ll need a more refined tax strategy. Here is the important tax information you need to know and some tax tips for owners of Southern Maryland rental properties.

Rental Property Tax Considerations

When you fill out your tax returns, your rental property is listed in Schedule E, which documents your tax year income and expenses from the property itself. The rental payments you received are covered under income, while expenses includes your mortgage, repairs and maintenance, utilities, management fees, and all other costs associated with the property.

Do you pay points on the loan you used to purchase the rental property? Unlike your primary home, you cannot deduct them completely from your taxable income. Instead, you have to deduct the points over the whole length of your loan.

If you make a profit on your Southern Maryland rental property – that is, the income exceeds the expenses that the property incurred – remember that income will be taxable.

On the other hand, if your property’s expenses are larger than the Schedule E rental income you accrued, you can deduct any losses from your taxable income if your non-property based income is less than $150,000 in the tax year. If you earned less than $100,000 in non-property income, you can deduct up to $25,000 of any losses your rental property incurred, and if your non-property income is between $100,000 and $150,000, you can deduct up to $12,500. If you earn a non-property income above $150,000 you are not able to deduct any rental property losses from your taxable income.

If your earnings are above the threshold to deduct any rental property losses, you can amass losses as a counterbalance to capital gains taxes when you sell the property.

Talk with your tax adviser to see whether you can deduct rental losses from your taxable income or whether you can accrue losses against future capital gains taxes.

Tax Considerations When Selling Your Rental Property

When you sell a Southern Maryland rental property, you will be liable for capital gains taxes on your appreciation. It’s a good idea to seek out a tax adviser who can give you an accurate breakdown of your costs and any profits that will be taxable as capital gains.

But before you meet with the adviser, you can follow a simple process to get a rough idea of your net profit and an estimate of your capital gains taxes. Take your property sale price and subtract the purchase price, the cost of any modifications to improve the property, and all selling costs (including local taxes, agent fees, etc.). The figure you are left with is your capital gain on the property; based on your non-property income, you will have to pay up to 30 percent in federal and state taxes on your capital gains. Let’s see an example of how this formula works:

If you bought a Southern Maryland rental property eight years ago for $200,000 and put 20 percent down with a standard 6 percent fixed rate 30-year mortgage, your current balance would be $140,435. If you made $10,000 in improvements to the property over the eight years and sold it for $300,000, with no losses to offset you would be left with capital gains of around $69,000, after paying local taxes, agent fees, etc. Of the capital gains accrued you would have to pay somewhere between $17,000 and $21,000 in taxes, leaving around $120,000 from the sale of the property.

How to Minimize Rental Property Capital Gains Taxes

If you’re planning to buy a new Southern Maryland rental property immediately after selling the old one, you can defer paying any capital gains taxes. The 1031 Exchange IRS benefit allows you to defer paying any capital gains taxes if you can identify, in writing, a new rental property within 45 days and complete the purchase of the property within 180 days of selling your previous rental property. To defer paying any capital gains taxes, your new rental property should be of at least equal value of your sold property and you must invest into it all of the proceeds from your rental property sale. The 1031 Exchange defers but does not eliminate the taxes on the sale of your Southern Maryland rental property. However, the IRS does not prohibit turning your new rental property into a primary residence in the future. Before taking part in a 1031 Exchange you should consult a tax advisor to ensure eligibility and how it relates to your unique tax situation.

Leonardtown MD Homes for Sale and Real Estate Services in Southern Maryland. You now have a search engine to help you with your Southern Maryland home search! And I’m ready to provide you with a custom home valuation if you’re considering selling your home. Let’s connect to discuss how I can help you. Contact Kimberly Bean at 301-440-1309